Ananda is one of the key terms of Yoga and Vedanta, and like many of the others very much misunderstood. Ananda is translated as bliss though it has no real equivalent in the English language. Bliss is at best a helpful approximation but can also be misleading.
Ananda is composed of the prefix ‘aa’ indicating superlative nature, and nanda meaning joy, happiness, contentment or delight. In other words, it is a deeper and timeless dimension of happiness, not just a higher degree of the ordinary joys that we normally experience in life.
The first thing to understand is that Ananda is not a dualistic emotion. It is not a high that is connected to a low. Ananda is a non-dualistic state of awareness, Chidananda. It is a unitary state of feeling/knowing/seeing and being, in which we can experience the essence, peace and delight that is the ground of all existence beyond time and space.
Emotion in the ordinary sense is largely a rajasic or tamasic state or condition of turbulence or attachment that is transient in nature. An emotional high must alternate with an emotional low. The more extreme our emotional highs become the corresponding emotional lows are likely to be there as well. Emotion is a dualistic reaction of the ego and reflects bodily pleasures and instincts as well as personal social interactions. Ananda is beyond all embodiment or mental conditions, one with the inner Seer or Atman.
Ananda, Shanti and Samadhi
Ananda also is not a denial of sorrow or pain but a transcendence. Ananda is a fullness of feeling in which we can discover our true Self in all. Those who have that inner Ananda cannot be disturbed by sorrow or pain in body or mind. They can experience all that life has to offer, extracting the essence of creative delight behind the universal movement.
True Ananda arises from Shanti, inner peace, tranquility and serenity as well as calm contentment. If one does not have inner peace, no true or lasting Ananda is possible, though emotional highs can be there for a time.
True Ananda is not induced by any external stimulation, substance or activity, including any type of drug or media stimulation. It is self-contained and manifests of its own accord beyond any external karma, personal or material influences. Yet all the happiness we experience outwardly is but a reflection or shadow of the eternal Ananda within.
In the context of deeper Yoga practices, Ananda is related to Samadhi and can be a synonym for it. Nirvikalpa Samadhi, the Samadhi that transcends all the activities of the mind, is the highest Ananda. In this regard, the mind and all of its emotional and mental fluctuations, even those of an apparently happy nature, is only sorrow in the end.
Discovering Ananda Within
Ananda in this higher sense is not an experience of the mind. Ananda is only possible when we go beyond the mind. The very nature of the mind is turbulence and sorrow. Thought never brings us happiness. Only thought free awareness can do that.
There is the related term of Anandamaya kosha, the innermost of the five koshas or coverings of the embodied soul or Jivatman. We experience this kosha mainly in the state of deep sleep but we touch upon it whenever we feel happiness, beauty or pleasure.
Our fundamental mistake in awareness that we make is that we confuse the pleasure or happiness that we experience from external objects as the source of that joy, when in fact it is only allowing us or triggering us to experience our own inner joy reflected on the object.
Ananda is the ultimate essence of all life experience. Indeed if we did not feel some degree of Ananda we would not want to live at all.
We can compare Ananda with art. Art teaches us to experience the deeper essences of feeling and sensation behind outer objects. A bowel of fruit on a table is not a bowl of fruit on a table for an artist but an element of design evoking beauty that transcends its constituent forms. Ananda is the ultimate beauty and delight that any artistic rendering can at best intimate or evoke in a limited way.
How is it that we are not better connected with the Ananda inherent in our own inner Being? It is because of the ignorance of the human mind, the ego, dualistic forces of attraction and repulsion, and the addictions that arise from it.
How do we discover our true Ananda? Certainly that is the goal of true Yoga Sadhana and the cultivation of Samadhi, the yogic state of Awareness. It also means being willing to let go of our sorrow. True Ananda dwells within us if we can let go of external attachments and return to the core of our being that is one with all.